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Infant CPR

Infant CPR Pronunciation: ˈin-fənt sē-ˈpē-ˈär

Definition: Infant CPR is a specific form of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) that’s used in emergencies to revive an infant who isn’t breathing or whose heart isn’t beating. It involves a modified technique with gentle chest compressions and smaller rescue breaths to fit the size and physiological needs of infants.

Frequently Asked Questions About Infant CPR

What are the main differences between Infant CPR and Adult CPR?

Infant CPR is different from adult CPR in a few important ways:

  • Chest Compressions: In infant CPR, you should use two fingers (the index and middle fingers) to give 30 quick compressions that are about 1.5 inches deep in the center of the chest. For adults, use both hands to deliver deeper compressions.
  • Rescue Breaths: After every 30 compressions, give 2 gentle breaths, each one lasting about 1 second, making sure that the infant’s chest rises with each breath. For adults, breaths should be deeper.
  • Positioning: When providing CPR to an infant, it’s usually best to place them on a firm surface.

When should Infant CPR be used?

Infant CPR should be used if an infant is unresponsive and not breathing or only gasping. This could be due to choking, drowning, suffocation, or other causes. Remember to first call 911 or your local emergency number before starting CPR.

Do I need to be certified to perform Infant CPR?

While you don’t need to be certified to perform infant CPR in an emergency, it is highly recommended to get certified. This training will make you more confident and efficient in an emergency. The American Heart Association, Red Cross, and many other organizations offer infant CPR classes.