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Compression-Only CPR

Pronunciation: kuhm-PREH-shun On-lee S-C-P-R

Compression-Only CPR is a lifesaving technique where a rescuer pushes hard and fast on the center of the victim’s chest without giving rescue breaths. It is used to circulate blood to vital organs when someone’s heart stops beating.

What is Compression-Only CPR?


  • Chest Compressions: Rapid, deep compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute.
  • No Rescue Breaths: Skips the step of providing breaths to the victim.
  • For Untrained Rescuers: Especially recommended for people who are untrained in traditional CPR or are hesitant to perform mouth-to-mouth.

Key Facts About Compression-Only CPR:

  • Immediate Response: Early chest compressions can double or triple the chance of survival from cardiac arrest.
  • For Adults: Generally recommended for witnessed sudden collapse in adults.
  • Short-term Solution: Only a temporary measure until trained professionals arrive or an AED becomes available.

Compression-Only CPR | Importance & Necessity

Why is Compression-Only CPR important?

  • Improves Survival Rates: Circulates oxygen-rich blood to vital organs.
  • Easy for Public: People may be more willing to help if they can skip mouth-to-mouth.
  • Quick Initiation: Faster to start compressions without the delay of breaths.

Who should do Compression-Only CPR?

  • Bystanders: Especially if they’re unsure about giving breaths.
  • Untrained Individuals: Those without formal CPR training.
  • Anyone Hesitant: Any person reluctant about standard CPR.

Compression-Only CPR | Identification & Action

How to perform Compression-Only CPR?

  1. Ensure the scene is safe.
  2. Call 911 or ask someone else to do so.
  3. Place your hands in the center of the chest.
  4. Push hard and fast (100-120 compressions per minute).
  5. Continue until trained help arrives or the person shows signs of life.

When to choose Compression-Only over traditional CPR?

  1. Witnessed sudden collapse in adults.
  2. If the rescuer is unwilling or unsure about giving breaths.
  3. Short duration events where EMS is quickly available.